I wanted to focus my project on why abortion should be legal without consent from others for many reasons. I want women’s voices to be heard so people can understand what it feels like to not always have the right to your own body. I wanted to bring awareness to an issue that affects women on a day to day basis.
According to MedicineNet, an abortion is: “In medicine, an abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (the fetus, fetal membranes, and placenta) from the uterus. It is the loss of a pregnancy and does not refer to why that pregnancy was lost.”
What’s the issue?
In many states, girls under the age of consent (usually 18), are not able to receive an abortion without permission from 1 or sometimes even two guardians signatures. Girls are faced with an uncomfortable situation when it comes to not being able to make your own choices for your bodies.
Why should we care?
So how does this affect us and why should we care? Well, if women don’t have the right to an abortion under the age of consent then they could end up in a situation where they are forced to continue having the baby. The problem with this that the mother of the child may not be ready to take on the new responsibility, have a stable home, medical conditions, lack of money and just simply might not want it but until the girl is 18 she is unable to make these decisions on their own in many places.
Autonomy: Women under the age of consent may feel their right to autonomy is being taken away because they are unable to make the decision on their own.
Maleficence: The patient may be worried about being harmed/affected if they are unable to make their own decision, but it is the doctor’s job to ensure the treatment will help the patient.
Beneficence: Health care providers have a duty to be of benefit to the patient so even if women under the age of consent cant technically make the decision the doctor can always step in and advocate for what is best for the patient.
Connections to sustainable development Goals
I think the topic of abortion falls under two important categories, one being goal number 5 gender equality and two being goal number three good health and well being.
Goal #5: Gender equality
The objective of this goal is to create gender equality and empower all women and girls. This goal connects to abortion in many ways. For example, abortion is affecting women’s rights to their own bodies but men are still voting on laws regarding this issue. Men should not be in charge of what women decide to do to their own bodies.
Goal #3: Good health and well being
The objective of this goal is to create and ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. The goal mentions that people of all ages should have good health and well being but with the laws regarding consent girls are unable to make health decisions on abortion.
Call to action!
Resources you can go to for more information on abortions:
“Abortion Worldwide 2017: Uneven Progress and Unequal Access.” Guttmacher Institute, 14 Dec. 2018, www.guttmacher.org/report/abortion-worldwide-2017.
Barnes, Zahra. “14 Things Everyone Gets Wrong About Abortion.” SELF, www.self.com/story/14-abortion-facts.
“Goal 5 .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform.” United Nations, United Nations, sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg5.
Jr, William C. Shiel. “Definition of Abortion.” MedicineNet, www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2091.
Parenthood, Planned. “Parental Consent & Notification Laws | Teen Abortion Laws.” Planned Parenthood, www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/teens/preventing-pregnancy-stds/parental-consent-and-notification-laws.