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Abortion Without Consent

My Final Project: A flyer to raise awareness and make women’s voices heard

I wanted to focus my project on why abortion should be legal without consent from others for many reasons. I want women’s voices to be heard so people can understand what it feels like to not always have the right to your own body. I wanted to bring awareness to an issue that affects women on a day to day basis.

Abortion?

According to MedicineNet, an abortion is: “In medicine, an abortion is the premature exit of the products of conception (the fetus, fetal membranes, and placenta) from the uterus. It is the loss of a pregnancy and does not refer to why that pregnancy was lost.”

What’s the issue?

In many states, girls under the age of consent (usually 18), are not able to receive an abortion without permission from 1 or sometimes even two guardians signatures. Girls are faced with an uncomfortable situation when it comes to not being able to make your own choices for your bodies.

Why should we care?

So how does this affect us and why should we care? Well, if women don’t have the right to an abortion under the age of consent then they could end up in a situation where they are forced to continue having the baby. The problem with this that the mother of the child may not be ready to take on the new responsibility, have a stable home, medical conditions, lack of money and just simply might not want it but until the girl is 18 she is unable to make these decisions on their own in many places.

Bioethical Principles

Autonomy: Women under the age of consent may feel their right to autonomy is being taken away because they are unable to make the decision on their own.

Maleficence: The patient may be worried about being harmed/affected if they are unable to make their own decision, but it is the doctor’s job to ensure the treatment will help the patient.

Beneficence: Health care providers have a duty to be of benefit to the patient so even if women under the age of consent cant technically make the decision the doctor can always step in and advocate for what is best for the patient.

Connections to sustainable development Goals

I think the topic of abortion falls under two important categories, one being goal number 5 gender equality and two being goal number three good health and well being.

Goal #5: Gender equality

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg5

The objective of this goal is to create gender equality and empower all women and girls. This goal connects to abortion in many ways. For example, abortion is affecting women’s rights to their own bodies but men are still voting on laws regarding this issue. Men should not be in charge of what women decide to do to their own bodies.

Goal #3: Good health and well being

https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg3

The objective of this goal is to create and ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. The goal mentions that people of all ages should have good health and well being but with the laws regarding consent girls are unable to make health decisions on abortion.

Call to action!

Resources you can go to for more information on abortions:

https://www.plannedparenthood.org/

MLA CITATION

“Abortion Worldwide 2017: Uneven Progress and Unequal Access.” Guttmacher Institute, 14 Dec. 2018, www.guttmacher.org/report/abortion-worldwide-2017.

Barnes, Zahra. “14 Things Everyone Gets Wrong About Abortion.” SELF, www.self.com/story/14-abortion-facts.

“Goal 5 .:. Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform.” United Nations, United Nations, sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg5.

Jr, William C. Shiel. “Definition of Abortion.” MedicineNet, www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=2091.

Parenthood, Planned. “Parental Consent & Notification Laws | Teen Abortion Laws.” Planned Parenthood, www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/teens/preventing-pregnancy-stds/parental-consent-and-notification-laws.

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COMMENTS: 6
  1. April 26, 2019 by Aneesha.Kumar

    Hi Chloe, I thought your project was really well done! I loved the way you presented all the information and laid out your point of view. I agree with your viewpoint and I felt that your point about talking about abortion was really important. I would be interested in hearing about your project applied to maybe the bioethical principle of justice and consent as well because those could be relevant.

  2. April 26, 2019 by Hadleigh

    Hi, my question is if women underage are getting pregnant and are forced to have a baby by their guardians, shouldn’t they have thought about this before having unprotected sex? I understand that the situation is completely different if the woman was raped. Although, even so, she should have consent from her guardians because she is not an adult. Legally, in many states, you must be 18 to have sex anyways. That varies depending on the state. This woman is carrying a life, so I understand abortion clinics wanting parental consent before proceeding. Also, underage brains are not fully developed, so in that case, she may not have the physical capability to make logical and considerate decisions. Great organization btw!

    • April 30, 2019 by Erica

      Hi Hadleigh! I think that it’s unfair to say that all pregnancies are caused by unprotected sex. Protected doesn’t mean full proof, and to an extent, some people just don’t have the knowledge of safe practices. America’s sex education lacks in ways I cannot even explain. The fact that some states are allowed to only teach abstinence is calls for self-reflection and criticism. I think it’s important to consider the circumstances and not generalize in such a harmful way when the potential consequence is having and raising a child. Many times, children don’t talk to their parents about such topics and forcing them to have them can be more harmful than beneficial. The idea to abstain from sex until 18 is absurd to me. Puberty starts around 11/12 for boys and girls and many kids are in “relationships” starting at those ages. If someone decides that they want to have sex before 18, who is going to stop them, and why does someone else have the right to say that they cannot? I view it as a topic of autonomy as if someone feels comfortable enough and consents, then they should be able to do whatever they want, even if I do not agree. Furthermore, if “underage brains are not fully developed”, how would it be beneficial to make them have a child? If we were to go down the brain development route, it has been proven that the brain is not ‘fully developed’ until ones mid-20s and perhaps into one’s 30s. Do you think that we should all just abstain from sex and not have children until our brains are fully developed then?

  3. May 01, 2019 by Frieda

    Hi Chloe! I really like your project. I think it’s so important for young girls who need help to get it when their parents may have different beliefs than them. Great job!

  4. May 01, 2019 by Madison gearin

    Hi! I love your information on bioethical principles as well as your video about moving past labels. I think that your information is professional and well developed. I also think you comment above articulates your argument amazingly!! Great job!!

  5. May 02, 2019 by Ira.Kadet

    I agree with you, and it is definitely a woman’s right to be able to have an abortion. If a woman decides that she can’t handle a baby, doctors should fully assist them, with or without the consent of anyone other than the woman herself. This is definitely an issue that should be more aware about.

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