“Our greatest weakness lies in giving up. The most certain way to succeed is always to try just one more time.”Thomas Edison
What is the PERMA Model?
Positive psychology is a scientific study of what makes life worth living. This branch of psychology helps people achieve greater well-being by focusing on what makes people happy at the current moment. Dr. Martin Seligman is often thought of as the pioneer of positive psychology. He developed a theory of well-being, which is called the PERMA model. The model comprises 5 elements that create the foundation of a flourishing life: Positive Emotions, Engagement, Relationships, Meaning, and Accomplishments.
What is a growth mindset?
A growth mindset is having the perspective that abilities and understanding can be developed. Those that believe they can get smarter would be more willing to put in extra efforts. People with a growth mindset also can see that the challenges are a normal part of the learning process. In the Ted Talk below, psychology professor Carol Dweck who came up with the growth mindset concept talks about the power of “yet”. As people embrace the word “yet,” a growth mindset can be cultivated since there is a sense that they can improve and that failure is not inevitable.
If you are more interested in the growth mindset, please watch this Ted Talk!
The Link Between Cheating and Positive Psychology Concepts
With the growing pressure in schools to do well, many students can fall into the temptation of cheating. The desire to have good grades or get into college makes students feel the need to cheat. Though students know that cheating is wrong, their reasons for cheating are rationalized with reasons they view as legitimate. Because students that cheat want to see results immediately, the cultivation of a growth mindset would be helpful in showing that failure paves the way towards success. The pressure to be perfect in order to gain college admission would be lessened through the growth mindset as they realize success will come with hard work instead of through cheating. This issue of cheating in schools is also linked to the PERMA model and more specifically, the engagement aspect of it. While cheating may check off the sense of accomplishment aspect of the well-being model, there is no sense of pride in oneself without having a strong engagement with what is being accomplished. Therefore, students should try to engage with what they are learning in the classroom instead of diminishing this engagement through cheating.
Try this growth mindset meditation!
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D, Carol. “The Power of Believing That You Can Improve.” TED. TEDxNorrkoping, Norrkoping.
“Growth Mindset vs. Fixed + Key Takeaways From Dweck’s Book.” Growth Mindset vs. Fixed + Key Takeaways From Dweck’s Book, 23 Aug. 2018, positivepsychologyprogram.com/growth-mindset-vs-fixed-mindset/#change-mindset.
“How to Develop a Growth Mindset In Schools.” Inner Drive, www.innerdrive.co.uk/how-to-develop-a-growth-mindset/.
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Simmons, Andrew. “Why Students Cheat-and What to Do About It.” Edutopia, George Lucas Educational Foundation, 28 Apr. 2018, www.edutopia.org/article/why-students-cheat-and-what-do-about-it.
The PERMA Model. Positive Psychology Program, Positive Psychology Program B.V., 24 Feb. 2017, positivepsychologyprogram.com/perma-model/. Accessed 20 Apr. 2019.