Value Change Needed For Food Security in Nigeria

BY: Mahek and Kabir S.

Nigeria has now become the 24th largest economy in the world, however, that is not due to the common man gaining more power and climbing the socio-economic ladder, but rather because of an exponential increase in multi-millionaires. Even though Nigeria is now sitting upon a cushioned economy, they are still severely underperforming in their economic output, which is inclusive of agriculture, both locally and internationally. This has caused rural regions of Nigeria to suffer greatly in poverty and hunger, where 80% of the population lasts on less than 1 USD/day. Nigeria is suffering this insurpassable problem, yet the International Fund for Agricultural Development has still placed the country first for agricultural development because of thier production of yam, cassava, and cowpea. Despite this, the country has such a large community afflicted by starvation. These rural areas have lasted thus far due to substantial farming, however, the absence of proper infrastructure and roads has caused them to be lacking in that department as well.

As stated by Isa Elegbede “Nigeria lacks enthusiasm for local products and often considers them inferior to imported food goods.” They also go so far as to mention that when oil companies began to inhabit the megacities of Nigeria, the country forgot its roots in agriculture. Not only that but, the country began to shrink away from localized products as mentioned before, which led to socio-economic issues and an economic decline, as well as a declination in food production within the country. So, it has been concluded, that unless something is done, Nigeria’s ability to sustain its growing population will decline.

Change starts from within. Something that is thrown about quite often with regards to making a difference or doing good. However, we fail to understand that we must first recognise the issue that needs changing, before we must fix it. Hence I think the most crucial way to help fix the issue of Zero Hunger when it comes to restaurants and hotels and just our food waste in general is changing our values and morals. This can be via a series of ways including:

  • Ordering just the right amount when going out, hence not causing too much to food to be made.
  • Make it a habit to ask the waiter how big portions are if you have never been to the restaurant/hotel before. This will give you an idea of how much you must order.
  • If there is excess food, don’t throw it away or leave it for them to clear up, and will eventually end up in a dump. Ask them to pack it for you, and if you see anyone homeless, or people who are deprived of food, give it to them.
  • Parents must instil morals into their children, and make sure they understand that if they don’t like their lunch given to them at school or when they are out or even at home: throwing it away is not an option. Food must be treated with the utmost respect, as it is a privilege to have. They must know that, and hence from a young age for them to put these values in practice when they’re older.

Works Cited

“Become A Volunteer.” Lagos Food Bank Nigeria, Africa.,

“Five Ways to Reduce and Manage Food Waste in Hotels.” LODGING Magazine, 31 Oct. 2018,

“Food Waste at The Hotel Buffet – Creative Ways to Reducing It.” Mogogo F&B Furniture, 1 Apr. 2019,

Karla-Walsh. “What Do Restaurants Do With Leftover Food? | Eat This, Not That!” Eat This Not That, Eat This Not That, 4 Sept. 2018,

Matemilola, Saheed, and Isa Elegbede. “The Challenges of Food Security in Nigeria.” Open Access Library Journal, Scientific Research Publishing, 1 Dec. 2017,

“Nigeria Is an Untapped Agricultural Powerhouse.”Prichard, Meghan. “Quick Facts: What You Need to Know about Famine.” Mercy Corps, 4 June 2018,

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  1. May 05, 2019 by Zaidie

    Your use of logos and pathos on this page are important in your writing here. You make a clear and concise, easy to understand argument about why the economic success of Nigeria actually indicates a huge economic gap. I would love to see a slightly more cohesive argument for why reducing food waste will directly affect this issue. There’s certainly a element of pathos here, and you’re arguing about an issue that very directly affects human lives. I think this could use even more emphasis throughout your piece. Finally, I think you could incorporate a certain degree of ethos in this. Since you live in Nigeria, I think that describing your own experience,e and how you’ve seen this issue manifested in Lagos, could bring in both ethos and some more pathos.

    While I like that you had both ways restaurants could have a greater impact on this issue, and how individual consumers could have their own impact, for me these are all things I already do, so how could I have an even greater impact such as my playing a role in convincing restaurants to make change. I think that you could also work on incorporating the actual issue itself – poverty and the challenged rural economy, which by the way you did a great job of explaining – throughout your whole page.

    I think this is an issue people will care about and that’s motivating for people, as is the message you give that people can have an impact through some small, everyday changes, but I definitely think you could build off these things, introducing the issue on a more personal and emotional level with a greater degree of description especially about individual people, and introduce ways they could have an even greater impact.

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